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rabies

  • All mammals can get rabies, but viral reservoirs are found in carnivores (foxes, dogs, cats) and bats
  • Some mammals with rabies become terrified of water
  • More people die from dog attacks than from rabies each year
  • Noone survives from rabies once there are clinical symptoms

yawn

  • Interestingly, there is a theory that contagious yawning can be used to measure someone’s ability to appreciate other people’s mental states (empathy). So autistic people do not yawn in response to videos of people yawning
  • Yawning is also thought to be a mechanism to wake the brain up when it requires it. Read the facts here

alcohol

  • New research says that a glass of alcohol a day increases your risk of colon cancer by 10% (International Journal of Cancer)

World War II

  • When World War II began, the U.S. government declared platinum as a strategic metal and its use in non-military applications, including jewelry was disallowed. To appease consumers who preferred platinum’s white luster, gold was substituted in platinum’s absence
  • In a poll taken during World War II, Americans rated Jews four times less favorably than Germans or Japanese (both whom they were fighting the war against)
  • In World War II, Penicillin is said to be “one of the war effort’s highest priorities, second only to development of the atomic bomb.”[Krebs, Brian. "How a Lowly Fungus Saves Human Lives." Washington Post. March 11, 1998.]
  • The German Super Battleship Bismarck was like the Titanic… it sank on it’s maiden voyage. It was sunk on its first mission after taking out the British navy’s capital ship
  • At Pearl Harbor, the top US Navy command was called CINCUS (“sink us”), the shoulder patch of the US Army’s 45th Infantry division was the Swastika, and Hitler’s private train was named “Amerika”
  • Japanese ace pilot Hiroyoshi Nishizawa shot down over 80 planes, but ironically died while a passenger on a cargo plane
  • The Aleutian island of Kiska proved deadly for both sides. 200 Allied troops were killed by friendly fire while attacking the island, only to realize that the Japanese had abandoned it the night before. As for the Japanese, while abandoning the island, the Japanese Navy thought they were being engaged by Americans and began bombarding the island while their troops were still on it
  • A bomb dropped by the Allies on Berlin during World War II killed every animal in the Berlin Zoo except the elephant, which escaped and roamed the city. When a Russian commander saw hungry Germans chasing the elephant and trying to kill it, he ordered his troops to protect it and shoot anyone who tried to kill it.
  • The first German serviceman killed was by the Japanese
  • The first American serviceman killed was by the Russians. They were allies.
  • The highest ranking American killed was Lt. Gen. Lesley McNair, killed by the US Army Air Corps
  • It was a common practice on fighter planes to load every 5th found with a tracer round to aid in aiming. That was a mistake. The tracers had different ballistics so (at long range) if your tracers were hitting the target, 80% of your rounds were missing. Worse yet, the tracers instantly told your enemy he was under fire and from which direction. Worst of all was the practice of loading a string of tracers at the end of the belt to tell you that you were out of ammo. That was definitely not something you wanted to tell the enemy. Units that stopped using tracers saw their success rate nearly double and their loss rate go down.
  • A number of air crewmen died of farts. (ascending to 20,000 ft. in an un-pressurized aircraft causes intestinal gas to expand 300%!)
  • When allied armies reached the Rhine, the first thing men did was pee in it.

penicillin

  • Without Dr. Howard Florey, Dr. Alexander Flemming might never have been credited with the discovery of penicillin, as it was Florey who supplied Flemming with a working dose of penicillin
  • Of the first 3 patients who received penicillin, only 1 survived. That is a 60% mortality rate

soybean

  • Soybean actually has Diadzein and genistein that act like weak estrogen

Egypt

  • Egyptians used to wear distinctive eye make-up made of lead which were able to boost the immune system
  • In ancient Egypt, priests plucked EVERY hair from their bodies, including their eyebrows and eyelashes
  • The heart was the only organ of the body that was not removed while mummifying, because they believed that after you died, it was your heart that was weighed against a feather to reveal your character
  • A Pharaoh would have slaves stand naked in honey to keep the flies away
  • Egyptians were the first to use anesthesia and the first to set broken bones. They invented the potter’s wheel, the scissors, toothpaste, the key, clock, metal pipes and even the calendar
  • For contraceptives they used crocodile dung
  • Some people killed themselves with an asp because it was believed that those who died from a snakebite would receive immortality

urine

  • The entire worlds output of urine takes about 45 minutes to go over the Niagra falls
  • In certain types of liver diseases, urine becomes dark yellow
  • A medicine called Rifampacin can turn urine bright orange
  • A medicine called Propofol can turn urine green

manatee

  • A Manatee (Dugong) has very slow-clotting blood, and it is this blood property that makes it important in studying haemophilia (a blood clotting disorder in humans)

liver

  • If a person has two thirds of their liver removed through trauma or surgery, it will grow back to the original size in four weeks time
  • Chicken liver can be used to change A type blood to O type blood